Note: Functions taking Tensor arguments can also take anything accepted by tf.convert_to_tensor.

[TOC]

Placeholders

TensorFlow provides a placeholder operation that must be fed with data on execution. For more info, see the section on Feeding data.

tf.placeholder(dtype, shape=None, name=None)

Inserts a placeholder for a tensor that will be always fed.

Important: This tensor will produce an error if evaluated. Its value must be fed using the feed_dict optional argument to Session.run(), Tensor.eval(), or Operation.run().

For example:

x = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, shape=(1024, 1024))
y = tf.matmul(x, x)

with tf.Session() as sess:
print(sess.run(y))  # ERROR: will fail because x was not fed.

rand_array = np.random.rand(1024, 1024)
print(sess.run(y, feed_dict={x: rand_array}))  # Will succeed.

Args:
• dtype: The type of elements in the tensor to be fed.
• shape: The shape of the tensor to be fed (optional). If the shape is not specified, you can feed a tensor of any shape.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A Tensor that may be used as a handle for feeding a value, but not evaluated directly.

tf.placeholder_with_default(input, shape, name=None)

A placeholder op that passes though input when its output is not fed.

Args:
• input: A Tensor. The default value to produce when output is not fed.
• shape: A tf.TensorShape or list of ints. The (possibly partial) shape of the tensor.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A Tensor. Has the same type as input. A placeholder tensor that defaults to input if it is not fed.

For feeding SparseTensors which are composite type, there is a convenience function:

tf.sparse_placeholder(dtype, shape=None, name=None)

Inserts a placeholder for a sparse tensor that will be always fed.

Important: This sparse tensor will produce an error if evaluated. Its value must be fed using the feed_dict optional argument to Session.run(), Tensor.eval(), or Operation.run().

For example:

x = tf.sparse_placeholder(tf.float32)
y = tf.sparse_reduce_sum(x)

with tf.Session() as sess:
print(sess.run(y))  # ERROR: will fail because x was not fed.

indices = np.array([[3, 2, 0], [4, 5, 1]], dtype=np.int64)
values = np.array([1.0, 2.0], dtype=np.float32)
shape = np.array([7, 9, 2], dtype=np.int64)
print(sess.run(y, feed_dict={
x: tf.SparseTensorValue(indices, values, shape)}))  # Will succeed.
print(sess.run(y, feed_dict={
x: (indices, values, shape)}))  # Will succeed.

sp = tf.SparseTensor(indices=indices, values=values, shape=shape)
sp_value = sp.eval(session)
print(sess.run(y, feed_dict={x: sp_value}))  # Will succeed.

Args:
• dtype: The type of values elements in the tensor to be fed.
• shape: The shape of the tensor to be fed (optional). If the shape is not specified, you can feed a sparse tensor of any shape.
• name: A name for prefixing the operations (optional).
Returns:

A SparseTensor that may be used as a handle for feeding a value, but not evaluated directly.

class tf.ReaderBase

Base class for different Reader types, that produce a record every step.

Conceptually, Readers convert string 'work units' into records (key, value pairs). Typically the 'work units' are filenames and the records are extracted from the contents of those files. We want a single record produced per step, but a work unit can correspond to many records.

Therefore we introduce some decoupling using a queue. The queue contains the work units and the Reader dequeues from the queue when it is asked to produce a record (via Read()) but it has finished the last work unit.

tf.ReaderBase.__init__(reader_ref, supports_serialize=False)

Args:
• reader_ref: The operation that implements the reader.
• supports_serialize: True if the reader implementation can serialize its state.

tf.ReaderBase.num_records_produced(name=None)

Returns the number of records this reader has produced.

This is the same as the number of Read executions that have succeeded.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.ReaderBase.num_work_units_completed(name=None)

Returns the number of work units this reader has finished processing.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.ReaderBase.read(queue, name=None)

Returns the next record (key, value pair) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g. when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (key, value).

• key: A string scalar Tensor.
• value: A string scalar Tensor.

tf.ReaderBase.read_up_to(queue, num_records, name=None)

Returns up to num_records (key, value pairs) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g., when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• num_records: Number of records to read.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (keys, values).

• keys: A 1-D string Tensor.
• values: A 1-D string Tensor.

tf.ReaderBase.reset(name=None)

Restore a reader to its initial clean state.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.ReaderBase.restore_state(state, name=None)

Restore a reader to a previously saved state.

Not all Readers support being restored, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• state: A string Tensor. Result of a SerializeState of a Reader with matching type.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.ReaderBase.serialize_state(name=None)

Produce a string tensor that encodes the state of a reader.

Not all Readers support being serialized, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

A string Tensor.

tf.ReaderBase.supports_serialize

Whether the Reader implementation can serialize its state.

class tf.TextLineReader

A Reader that outputs the lines of a file delimited by newlines.

Newlines are stripped from the output. See ReaderBase for supported methods.

tf.TextLineReader.__init__(skip_header_lines=None, name=None)

Args:
• skip_header_lines: An optional int. Defaults to 0. Number of lines to skip from the beginning of every file.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

tf.TextLineReader.num_records_produced(name=None)

Returns the number of records this reader has produced.

This is the same as the number of Read executions that have succeeded.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.TextLineReader.num_work_units_completed(name=None)

Returns the number of work units this reader has finished processing.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.TextLineReader.read(queue, name=None)

Returns the next record (key, value pair) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g. when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (key, value).

• key: A string scalar Tensor.
• value: A string scalar Tensor.

tf.TextLineReader.read_up_to(queue, num_records, name=None)

Returns up to num_records (key, value pairs) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g., when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• num_records: Number of records to read.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (keys, values).

• keys: A 1-D string Tensor.
• values: A 1-D string Tensor.

tf.TextLineReader.reset(name=None)

Restore a reader to its initial clean state.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.TextLineReader.restore_state(state, name=None)

Restore a reader to a previously saved state.

Not all Readers support being restored, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• state: A string Tensor. Result of a SerializeState of a Reader with matching type.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.TextLineReader.serialize_state(name=None)

Produce a string tensor that encodes the state of a reader.

Not all Readers support being serialized, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

A string Tensor.

tf.TextLineReader.supports_serialize

Whether the Reader implementation can serialize its state.

class tf.WholeFileReader

A Reader that outputs the entire contents of a file as a value.

To use, enqueue filenames in a Queue. The output of Read will be a filename (key) and the contents of that file (value).

tf.WholeFileReader.__init__(name=None)

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

tf.WholeFileReader.num_records_produced(name=None)

Returns the number of records this reader has produced.

This is the same as the number of Read executions that have succeeded.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.WholeFileReader.num_work_units_completed(name=None)

Returns the number of work units this reader has finished processing.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.WholeFileReader.read(queue, name=None)

Returns the next record (key, value pair) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g. when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (key, value).

• key: A string scalar Tensor.
• value: A string scalar Tensor.

tf.WholeFileReader.read_up_to(queue, num_records, name=None)

Returns up to num_records (key, value pairs) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g., when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• num_records: Number of records to read.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (keys, values).

• keys: A 1-D string Tensor.
• values: A 1-D string Tensor.

tf.WholeFileReader.reset(name=None)

Restore a reader to its initial clean state.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.WholeFileReader.restore_state(state, name=None)

Restore a reader to a previously saved state.

Not all Readers support being restored, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• state: A string Tensor. Result of a SerializeState of a Reader with matching type.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.WholeFileReader.serialize_state(name=None)

Produce a string tensor that encodes the state of a reader.

Not all Readers support being serialized, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

A string Tensor.

tf.WholeFileReader.supports_serialize

Whether the Reader implementation can serialize its state.

class tf.IdentityReader

A Reader that outputs the queued work as both the key and value.

To use, enqueue strings in a Queue. Read will take the front work string and output (work, work).

tf.IdentityReader.__init__(name=None)

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

tf.IdentityReader.num_records_produced(name=None)

Returns the number of records this reader has produced.

This is the same as the number of Read executions that have succeeded.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.IdentityReader.num_work_units_completed(name=None)

Returns the number of work units this reader has finished processing.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.IdentityReader.read(queue, name=None)

Returns the next record (key, value pair) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g. when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (key, value).

• key: A string scalar Tensor.
• value: A string scalar Tensor.

tf.IdentityReader.read_up_to(queue, num_records, name=None)

Returns up to num_records (key, value pairs) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g., when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• num_records: Number of records to read.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (keys, values).

• keys: A 1-D string Tensor.
• values: A 1-D string Tensor.

tf.IdentityReader.reset(name=None)

Restore a reader to its initial clean state.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.IdentityReader.restore_state(state, name=None)

Restore a reader to a previously saved state.

Not all Readers support being restored, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• state: A string Tensor. Result of a SerializeState of a Reader with matching type.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.IdentityReader.serialize_state(name=None)

Produce a string tensor that encodes the state of a reader.

Not all Readers support being serialized, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

A string Tensor.

tf.IdentityReader.supports_serialize

Whether the Reader implementation can serialize its state.

class tf.TFRecordReader

A Reader that outputs the records from a TFRecords file.

tf.TFRecordReader.__init__(name=None)

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

tf.TFRecordReader.num_records_produced(name=None)

Returns the number of records this reader has produced.

This is the same as the number of Read executions that have succeeded.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.TFRecordReader.num_work_units_completed(name=None)

Returns the number of work units this reader has finished processing.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.TFRecordReader.read(queue, name=None)

Returns the next record (key, value pair) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g. when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (key, value).

• key: A string scalar Tensor.
• value: A string scalar Tensor.

tf.TFRecordReader.read_up_to(queue, num_records, name=None)

Returns up to num_records (key, value pairs) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g., when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• num_records: Number of records to read.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (keys, values).

• keys: A 1-D string Tensor.
• values: A 1-D string Tensor.

tf.TFRecordReader.reset(name=None)

Restore a reader to its initial clean state.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.TFRecordReader.restore_state(state, name=None)

Restore a reader to a previously saved state.

Not all Readers support being restored, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• state: A string Tensor. Result of a SerializeState of a Reader with matching type.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.TFRecordReader.serialize_state(name=None)

Produce a string tensor that encodes the state of a reader.

Not all Readers support being serialized, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

A string Tensor.

tf.TFRecordReader.supports_serialize

Whether the Reader implementation can serialize its state.

class tf.FixedLengthRecordReader

A Reader that outputs fixed-length records from a file.

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.__init__(record_bytes, header_bytes=None, footer_bytes=None, name=None)

Args:
• record_bytes: An int.
• header_bytes: An optional int. Defaults to 0.
• footer_bytes: An optional int. Defaults to 0.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.num_records_produced(name=None)

Returns the number of records this reader has produced.

This is the same as the number of Read executions that have succeeded.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.num_work_units_completed(name=None)

Returns the number of work units this reader has finished processing.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

An int64 Tensor.

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.read(queue, name=None)

Returns the next record (key, value pair) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g. when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (key, value).

• key: A string scalar Tensor.
• value: A string scalar Tensor.

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.read_up_to(queue, num_records, name=None)

Returns up to num_records (key, value pairs) produced by a reader.

Will dequeue a work unit from queue if necessary (e.g., when the Reader needs to start reading from a new file since it has finished with the previous file).

Args:
• queue: A Queue or a mutable string Tensor representing a handle to a Queue, with string work items.
• num_records: Number of records to read.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A tuple of Tensors (keys, values).

• keys: A 1-D string Tensor.
• values: A 1-D string Tensor.

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.reset(name=None)

Restore a reader to its initial clean state.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.restore_state(state, name=None)

Restore a reader to a previously saved state.

Not all Readers support being restored, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• state: A string Tensor. Result of a SerializeState of a Reader with matching type.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The created Operation.

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.serialize_state(name=None)

Produce a string tensor that encodes the state of a reader.

Not all Readers support being serialized, so this can produce an Unimplemented error.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).

A string Tensor.

tf.FixedLengthRecordReader.supports_serialize

Whether the Reader implementation can serialize its state.

Converting

TensorFlow provides several operations that you can use to convert various data formats into tensors.

tf.decode_csv(records, record_defaults, field_delim=None, name=None)

Convert CSV records to tensors. Each column maps to one tensor.

RFC 4180 format is expected for the CSV records. (https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4180) Note that we allow leading and trailing spaces with int or float field.

Args:
• records: A Tensor of type string. Each string is a record/row in the csv and all records should have the same format.
• record_defaults: A list of Tensor objects with types from: float32, int32, int64, string. One tensor per column of the input record, with either a scalar default value for that column or empty if the column is required.
• field_delim: An optional string. Defaults to ",". delimiter to separate fields in a record.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A list of Tensor objects. Has the same type as record_defaults. Each tensor will have the same shape as records.

tf.decode_raw(bytes, out_type, little_endian=None, name=None)

Reinterpret the bytes of a string as a vector of numbers.

Args:
• bytes: A Tensor of type string. All the elements must have the same length.
• out_type: A tf.DType from: tf.float32, tf.float64, tf.int32, tf.uint8, tf.int16, tf.int8, tf.int64.
• little_endian: An optional bool. Defaults to True. Whether the input bytes are in little-endian order. Ignored for out_type values that are stored in a single byte like uint8.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A Tensor of type out_type. A Tensor with one more dimension than the input bytes. The added dimension will have size equal to the length of the elements of bytes divided by the number of bytes to represent out_type.

Example protocol buffer

TensorFlow's recommended format for training examples is serialized Example protocol buffers, described here. They contain Features, described here.

class tf.VarLenFeature

Configuration for parsing a variable-length input feature.

Fields: dtype: Data type of input.

tf.VarLenFeature.dtype

Alias for field number 0

class tf.FixedLenFeature

Configuration for parsing a fixed-length input feature.

To treat sparse input as dense, provide a default_value; otherwise, the parse functions will fail on any examples missing this feature.

Fields: shape: Shape of input data. dtype: Data type of input. default_value: Value to be used if an example is missing this feature. It must be compatible with dtype.

tf.FixedLenFeature.default_value

Alias for field number 2

tf.FixedLenFeature.dtype

Alias for field number 1

tf.FixedLenFeature.shape

Alias for field number 0

class tf.FixedLenSequenceFeature

Configuration for a dense input feature in a sequence item.

To treat a sparse input as dense, provide allow_missing=True; otherwise, the parse functions will fail on any examples missing this feature.

Fields: shape: Shape of input data. dtype: Data type of input. allow_missing: Whether to allow this feature to be missing from a feature list item.

tf.FixedLenSequenceFeature.allow_missing

Alias for field number 2

tf.FixedLenSequenceFeature.dtype

Alias for field number 1

tf.FixedLenSequenceFeature.shape

Alias for field number 0

tf.parse_example(serialized, features, name=None, example_names=None)

Parses Example protos into a dict of tensors.

Parses a number of serialized [Example] (https://www.tensorflow.org/code/tensorflow/core/example/example.proto) protos given in serialized.

example_names may contain descriptive names for the corresponding serialized protos. These may be useful for debugging purposes, but they have no effect on the output. If not None, example_names must be the same length as serialized.

This op parses serialized examples into a dictionary mapping keys to Tensor and SparseTensor objects. features is a dict from keys to VarLenFeature and FixedLenFeature objects. Each VarLenFeature is mapped to a SparseTensor, and each FixedLenFeature is mapped to a Tensor.

Each VarLenFeature maps to a SparseTensor of the specified type representing a ragged matrix. Its indices are [batch, index] where batch is the batch entry the value is from in serialized, and index is the value's index in the list of values associated with that feature and example.

Each FixedLenFeature df maps to a Tensor of the specified type (or tf.float32 if not specified) and shape (serialized.size(),) + df.shape.

FixedLenFeature entries with a default_value are optional. With no default value, we will fail if that Feature is missing from any example in serialized.

Examples:

For example, if one expects a tf.float32 sparse feature ft and three serialized Examples are provided:

serialized = [
features
{ feature { key: "ft" value { float_list { value: [1.0, 2.0] } } } },
features
{ feature []},
features
{ feature { key: "ft" value { float_list { value: [3.0] } } }
]


then the output will look like:

{"ft": SparseTensor(indices=[[0, 0], [0, 1], [2, 0]],
values=[1.0, 2.0, 3.0],
shape=(3, 2)) }


Given two Example input protos in serialized:

[
features {
feature { key: "kw" value { bytes_list { value: [ "knit", "big" ] } } }
feature { key: "gps" value { float_list { value: [] } } }
},
features {
feature { key: "kw" value { bytes_list { value: [ "emmy" ] } } }
feature { key: "dank" value { int64_list { value: [ 42 ] } } }
feature { key: "gps" value { } }
}
]


And arguments

example_names: ["input0", "input1"],
features: {
"kw": VarLenFeature(tf.string),
"dank": VarLenFeature(tf.int64),
"gps": VarLenFeature(tf.float32),
}


Then the output is a dictionary:

{
"kw": SparseTensor(
indices=[[0, 0], [0, 1], [1, 0]],
values=["knit", "big", "emmy"]
shape=[2, 2]),
"dank": SparseTensor(
indices=[[1, 0]],
values=[42],
shape=[2, 1]),
"gps": SparseTensor(
indices=[],
values=[],
shape=[2, 0]),
}


For dense results in two serialized Examples:

[
features {
feature { key: "age" value { int64_list { value: [ 0 ] } } }
feature { key: "gender" value { bytes_list { value: [ "f" ] } } }
},
features {
feature { key: "age" value { int64_list { value: [] } } }
feature { key: "gender" value { bytes_list { value: [ "f" ] } } }
}
]


We can use arguments:

example_names: ["input0", "input1"],
features: {
"age": FixedLenFeature([], dtype=tf.int64, default_value=-1),
"gender": FixedLenFeature([], dtype=tf.string),
}


And the expected output is:

{
"age": [[0], [-1]],
"gender": [["f"], ["f"]],
}

Args:
• serialized: A vector (1-D Tensor) of strings, a batch of binary serialized Example protos.
• features: A dict mapping feature keys to FixedLenFeature or VarLenFeature values.
• name: A name for this operation (optional).
• example_names: A vector (1-D Tensor) of strings (optional), the names of the serialized protos in the batch.
Returns:

A dict mapping feature keys to Tensor and SparseTensor values.

Raises:
• ValueError: if any feature is invalid.

tf.parse_single_example(serialized, features, name=None, example_names=None)

Parses a single Example proto.

Similar to parse_example, except:

For dense tensors, the returned Tensor is identical to the output of parse_example, except there is no batch dimension, the output shape is the same as the shape given in dense_shape.

For SparseTensors, the first (batch) column of the indices matrix is removed (the indices matrix is a column vector), the values vector is unchanged, and the first (batch_size) entry of the shape vector is removed (it is now a single element vector).

Args:
• serialized: A scalar string Tensor, a single serialized Example. See _parse_single_example_raw documentation for more details.
• features: A dict mapping feature keys to FixedLenFeature or VarLenFeature values.
• name: A name for this operation (optional).
• example_names: (Optional) A scalar string Tensor, the associated name. See _parse_single_example_raw documentation for more details.
Returns:

A dict mapping feature keys to Tensor and SparseTensor values.

Raises:
• ValueError: if any feature is invalid.

tf.decode_json_example(json_examples, name=None)

Convert JSON-encoded Example records to binary protocol buffer strings.

This op translates a tensor containing Example records, encoded using the standard JSON mapping, into a tensor containing the same records encoded as binary protocol buffers. The resulting tensor can then be fed to any of the other Example-parsing ops.

Args:
• json_examples: A Tensor of type string. Each string is a JSON object serialized according to the JSON mapping of the Example proto.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A Tensor of type string. Each string is a binary Example protocol buffer corresponding to the respective element of json_examples.

Queues

TensorFlow provides several implementations of 'Queues', which are structures within the TensorFlow computation graph to stage pipelines of tensors together. The following describe the basic Queue interface and some implementations. To see an example use, see Threading and Queues.

class tf.QueueBase

Base class for queue implementations.

A queue is a TensorFlow data structure that stores tensors across multiple steps, and exposes operations that enqueue and dequeue tensors.

Each queue element is a tuple of one or more tensors, where each tuple component has a static dtype, and may have a static shape. The queue implementations support versions of enqueue and dequeue that handle single elements, versions that support enqueuing and dequeuing a batch of elements at once.

See tf.FIFOQueue and tf.RandomShuffleQueue for concrete implementations of this class, and instructions on how to create them.

tf.QueueBase.enqueue(vals, name=None)

Enqueues one element to this queue.

If the queue is full when this operation executes, it will block until the element has been enqueued.

At runtime, this operation may raise an error if the queue is closed before or during its execution. If the queue is closed before this operation runs, tf.errors.AbortedError will be raised. If this operation is blocked, and either (i) the queue is closed by a close operation with cancel_pending_enqueues=True, or (ii) the session is closed, tf.errors.CancelledError will be raised.

Args:
• vals: A tensor, a list or tuple of tensors, or a dictionary containing the values to enqueue.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The operation that enqueues a new tuple of tensors to the queue.

tf.QueueBase.enqueue_many(vals, name=None)

Enqueues zero or more elements to this queue.

This operation slices each component tensor along the 0th dimension to make multiple queue elements. All of the tensors in vals must have the same size in the 0th dimension.

If the queue is full when this operation executes, it will block until all of the elements have been enqueued.

At runtime, this operation may raise an error if the queue is closed before or during its execution. If the queue is closed before this operation runs, tf.errors.AbortedError will be raised. If this operation is blocked, and either (i) the queue is closed by a close operation with cancel_pending_enqueues=True, or (ii) the session is closed, tf.errors.CancelledError will be raised.

Args:
• vals: A tensor, a list or tuple of tensors, or a dictionary from which the queue elements are taken.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The operation that enqueues a batch of tuples of tensors to the queue.

tf.QueueBase.dequeue(name=None)

Dequeues one element from this queue.

If the queue is empty when this operation executes, it will block until there is an element to dequeue.

At runtime, this operation may raise an error if the queue is closed before or during its execution. If the queue is closed, the queue is empty, and there are no pending enqueue operations that can fulfil this request, tf.errors.OutOfRangeError will be raised. If the session is closed, tf.errors.CancelledError will be raised.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The tuple of tensors that was dequeued.

tf.QueueBase.dequeue_many(n, name=None)

Dequeues and concatenates n elements from this queue.

This operation concatenates queue-element component tensors along the 0th dimension to make a single component tensor. All of the components in the dequeued tuple will have size n in the 0th dimension.

If the queue is closed and there are less than n elements left, then an OutOfRange exception is raised.

At runtime, this operation may raise an error if the queue is closed before or during its execution. If the queue is closed, the queue contains fewer than n elements, and there are no pending enqueue operations that can fulfil this request, tf.errors.OutOfRangeError will be raised. If the session is closed, tf.errors.CancelledError will be raised.

Args:
• n: A scalar Tensor containing the number of elements to dequeue.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The tuple of concatenated tensors that was dequeued.

tf.QueueBase.size(name=None)

Compute the number of elements in this queue.

Args:
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A scalar tensor containing the number of elements in this queue.

tf.QueueBase.close(cancel_pending_enqueues=False, name=None)

Closes this queue.

This operation signals that no more elements will be enqueued in the given queue. Subsequent enqueue and enqueue_many operations will fail. Subsequent dequeue and dequeue_many operations will continue to succeed if sufficient elements remain in the queue. Subsequent dequeue and dequeue_many operations that would block will fail immediately.

If cancel_pending_enqueues is True, all pending requests will also be cancelled.

Args:
• cancel_pending_enqueues: (Optional.) A boolean, defaulting to False (described above).
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The operation that closes the queue.

tf.QueueBase.__init__(dtypes, shapes, names, queue_ref)

Constructs a queue object from a queue reference.

The two optional lists, shapes and names, must be of the same length as dtypes if provided. The values at a given index i indicate the shape and name to use for the corresponding queue component in dtypes.

Args:
• dtypes: A list of types. The length of dtypes must equal the number of tensors in each element.
• shapes: Constraints on the shapes of tensors in an element: A list of shape tuples or None. This list is the same length as dtypes. If the shape of any tensors in the element are constrained, all must be; shapes can be None if the shapes should not be constrained.
• names: Optional list of names. If provided, the enqueue() and dequeue() methods will use dictionaries with these names as keys. Must be None or a list or tuple of the same length as dtypes.
• queue_ref: The queue reference, i.e. the output of the queue op.
Raises:
• ValueError: If one of the arguments is invalid.

tf.QueueBase.dequeue_up_to(n, name=None)

Dequeues and concatenates n elements from this queue.

Note This operation is not supported by all queues. If a queue does not support DequeueUpTo, then a tf.errors.UnimplementedError is raised.

This operation concatenates queue-element component tensors along the 0th dimension to make a single component tensor. If the queue has not been closed, all of the components in the dequeued tuple will have size n in the 0th dimension.

If the queue is closed and there are more than 0 but fewer than n elements remaining, then instead of raising a tf.errors.OutOfRangeError like dequeue_many, the remaining elements are returned immediately. If the queue is closed and there are 0 elements left in the queue, then a tf.errors.OutOfRangeError is raised just like in dequeue_many. Otherwise the behavior is identical to dequeue_many.

Args:
• n: A scalar Tensor containing the number of elements to dequeue.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

The tuple of concatenated tensors that was dequeued.

tf.QueueBase.dtypes

The list of dtypes for each component of a queue element.

tf.QueueBase.from_list(index, queues)

Create a queue using the queue reference from queues[index].

Args:
• index: An integer scalar tensor that determines the input that gets selected.
• queues: A list of QueueBase objects.
Returns:

A QueueBase object.

Raises:
• TypeError: When queues is not a list of QueueBase objects, or when the data types of queues are not all the same.

tf.QueueBase.name

The name of the underlying queue.

tf.QueueBase.names

The list of names for each component of a queue element.

tf.QueueBase.queue_ref

The underlying queue reference.

class tf.FIFOQueue

A queue implementation that dequeues elements in first-in-first out order.

See tf.QueueBase for a description of the methods on this class.

tf.FIFOQueue.__init__(capacity, dtypes, shapes=None, names=None, shared_name=None, name='fifo_queue')

Creates a queue that dequeues elements in a first-in first-out order.

A FIFOQueue has bounded capacity; supports multiple concurrent producers and consumers; and provides exactly-once delivery.

A FIFOQueue holds a list of up to capacity elements. Each element is a fixed-length tuple of tensors whose dtypes are described by dtypes, and whose shapes are optionally described by the shapes argument.

If the shapes argument is specified, each component of a queue element must have the respective fixed shape. If it is unspecified, different queue elements may have different shapes, but the use of dequeue_many is disallowed.

Args:
• capacity: An integer. The upper bound on the number of elements that may be stored in this queue.
• dtypes: A list of DType objects. The length of dtypes must equal the number of tensors in each queue element.
• shapes: (Optional.) A list of fully-defined TensorShape objects with the same length as dtypes, or None.
• names: (Optional.) A list of string naming the components in the queue with the same length as dtypes, or None. If specified the dequeue methods return a dictionary with the names as keys.
• shared_name: (Optional.) If non-empty, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: Optional name for the queue operation.

class tf.PaddingFIFOQueue

A FIFOQueue that supports batching variable-sized tensors by padding.

A PaddingFIFOQueue may contain components with dynamic shape, while also supporting dequeue_many. See the constructor for more details.

See tf.QueueBase for a description of the methods on this class.

tf.PaddingFIFOQueue.__init__(capacity, dtypes, shapes, names=None, shared_name=None, name='padding_fifo_queue')

Creates a queue that dequeues elements in a first-in first-out order.

A PaddingFIFOQueue has bounded capacity; supports multiple concurrent producers and consumers; and provides exactly-once delivery.

A PaddingFIFOQueue holds a list of up to capacity elements. Each element is a fixed-length tuple of tensors whose dtypes are described by dtypes, and whose shapes are described by the shapes argument.

The shapes argument must be specified; each component of a queue element must have the respective shape. Shapes of fixed rank but variable size are allowed by setting any shape dimension to None. In this case, the inputs' shape may vary along the given dimension, and dequeue_many will pad the given dimension with zeros up to the maximum shape of all elements in the given batch.

Args:
• capacity: An integer. The upper bound on the number of elements that may be stored in this queue.
• dtypes: A list of DType objects. The length of dtypes must equal the number of tensors in each queue element.
• shapes: A list of TensorShape objects, with the same length as dtypes. Any dimension in the TensorShape containing value None is dynamic and allows values to be enqueued with variable size in that dimension.
• names: (Optional.) A list of string naming the components in the queue with the same length as dtypes, or None. If specified the dequeue methods return a dictionary with the names as keys.
• shared_name: (Optional.) If non-empty, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: Optional name for the queue operation.
Raises:
• ValueError: If shapes is not a list of shapes, or the lengths of dtypes and shapes do not match, or if names is specified and the lengths of dtypes and names do not match.

class tf.RandomShuffleQueue

A queue implementation that dequeues elements in a random order.

See tf.QueueBase for a description of the methods on this class.

tf.RandomShuffleQueue.__init__(capacity, min_after_dequeue, dtypes, shapes=None, names=None, seed=None, shared_name=None, name='random_shuffle_queue')

Create a queue that dequeues elements in a random order.

A RandomShuffleQueue has bounded capacity; supports multiple concurrent producers and consumers; and provides exactly-once delivery.

A RandomShuffleQueue holds a list of up to capacity elements. Each element is a fixed-length tuple of tensors whose dtypes are described by dtypes, and whose shapes are optionally described by the shapes argument.

If the shapes argument is specified, each component of a queue element must have the respective fixed shape. If it is unspecified, different queue elements may have different shapes, but the use of dequeue_many is disallowed.

The min_after_dequeue argument allows the caller to specify a minimum number of elements that will remain in the queue after a dequeue or dequeue_many operation completes, to ensure a minimum level of mixing of elements. This invariant is maintained by blocking those operations until sufficient elements have been enqueued. The min_after_dequeue argument is ignored after the queue has been closed.

Args:
• capacity: An integer. The upper bound on the number of elements that may be stored in this queue.
• min_after_dequeue: An integer (described above).
• dtypes: A list of DType objects. The length of dtypes must equal the number of tensors in each queue element.
• shapes: (Optional.) A list of fully-defined TensorShape objects with the same length as dtypes, or None.
• names: (Optional.) A list of string naming the components in the queue with the same length as dtypes, or None. If specified the dequeue methods return a dictionary with the names as keys.
• seed: A Python integer. Used to create a random seed. See set_random_seed for behavior.
• shared_name: (Optional.) If non-empty, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: Optional name for the queue operation.

Dealing with the filesystem

tf.matching_files(pattern, name=None)

Returns the set of files matching a pattern.

Note that this routine only supports wildcard characters in the basename portion of the pattern, not in the directory portion.

Args:
• pattern: A Tensor of type string. A (scalar) shell wildcard pattern.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A Tensor of type string. A vector of matching filenames.

tf.read_file(filename, name=None)

Reads and outputs the entire contents of the input filename.

Args:
• filename: A Tensor of type string.
• name: A name for the operation (optional).
Returns:

A Tensor of type string.

Input pipeline

TensorFlow functions for setting up an input-prefetching pipeline. Please see the reading data how-to for context.

Beginning of an input pipeline

The "producer" functions add a queue to the graph and a corresponding QueueRunner for running the subgraph that fills that queue.

tf.train.match_filenames_once(pattern, name=None)

Save the list of files matching pattern, so it is only computed once.

Args:
• pattern: A file pattern (glob).
• name: A name for the operations (optional).
Returns:

A variable that is initialized to the list of files matching pattern.

tf.train.limit_epochs(tensor, num_epochs=None, name=None)

Returns tensor num_epochs times and then raises an OutOfRange error.

Args:
• tensor: Any Tensor.
• num_epochs: A positive integer (optional). If specified, limits the number of steps the output tensor may be evaluated.
• name: A name for the operations (optional).
Returns:

tensor or OutOfRange.

Raises:
• ValueError: if num_epochs is invalid.

tf.train.input_producer(input_tensor, element_shape=None, num_epochs=None, shuffle=True, seed=None, capacity=32, shared_name=None, summary_name=None, name=None)

Output the rows of input_tensor to a queue for an input pipeline.

Args:
• input_tensor: A tensor with the rows to produce. Must be at one-dimensional. Must either have a fully-defined shape, or element_shape must be defined.
• element_shape: (Optional.) A TensorShape representing the shape of a row of input_tensor, if it cannot be inferred.
• num_epochs: (Optional.) An integer. If specified input_producer produces each row of input_tensor num_epochs times before generating an OutOfRange error. If not specified, input_producer can cycle through the rows of input_tensor an unlimited number of times.
• shuffle: (Optional.) A boolean. If true, the rows are randomly shuffled within each eopch.
• seed: (Optional.) An integer. The seed to use if shuffle is true.
• capacity: (Optional.) The capacity of the queue to be used for buffering the input.
• shared_name: (Optional.) If set, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• summary_name: (Optional.) If set, a scalar summary for the current queue size will be generated, using this name as part of the tag.
• name: (Optional.) A name for queue.
Returns:

A queue with the output rows. A QueueRunner for the queue is added to the current QUEUE_RUNNER collection of the current graph.

Raises:
• ValueError: If the shape of the input cannot be inferred from the arguments.

tf.train.range_input_producer(limit, num_epochs=None, shuffle=True, seed=None, capacity=32, shared_name=None, name=None)

Produces the integers from 0 to limit-1 in a queue.

Args:
• limit: An int32 scalar tensor.
• num_epochs: An integer (optional). If specified, range_input_producer produces each integer num_epochs times before generating an OutOfRange error. If not specified, range_input_producer can cycle through the integers an unlimited number of times.
• shuffle: Boolean. If true, the integers are randomly shuffled within each epoch.
• seed: An integer (optional). Seed used if shuffle == True.
• capacity: An integer. Sets the queue capacity.
• shared_name: (optional). If set, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: A name for the operations (optional).
Returns:

A Queue with the output integers. A QueueRunner for the Queue is added to the current Graph's QUEUE_RUNNER collection.

tf.train.slice_input_producer(tensor_list, num_epochs=None, shuffle=True, seed=None, capacity=32, shared_name=None, name=None)

Produces a slice of each Tensor in tensor_list.

Implemented using a Queue -- a QueueRunner for the Queue is added to the current Graph's QUEUE_RUNNER collection.

Args:
• tensor_list: A list of Tensor objects. Every Tensor in tensor_list must have the same size in the first dimension.
• num_epochs: An integer (optional). If specified, slice_input_producer produces each slice num_epochs times before generating an OutOfRange error. If not specified, slice_input_producer can cycle through the slices an unlimited number of times.
• shuffle: Boolean. If true, the integers are randomly shuffled within each epoch.
• seed: An integer (optional). Seed used if shuffle == True.
• capacity: An integer. Sets the queue capacity.
• shared_name: (optional). If set, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: A name for the operations (optional).
Returns:

A list of tensors, one for each element of tensor_list. If the tensor in tensor_list has shape [N, a, b, .., z], then the corresponding output tensor will have shape [a, b, ..., z].

Raises:
• ValueError: if slice_input_producer produces nothing from tensor_list.

tf.train.string_input_producer(string_tensor, num_epochs=None, shuffle=True, seed=None, capacity=32, shared_name=None, name=None)

Output strings (e.g. filenames) to a queue for an input pipeline.

Args:
• string_tensor: A 1-D string tensor with the strings to produce.
• num_epochs: An integer (optional). If specified, string_input_producer produces each string from string_tensor num_epochs times before generating an OutOfRange error. If not specified, string_input_producer can cycle through the strings in string_tensor an unlimited number of times.
• shuffle: Boolean. If true, the strings are randomly shuffled within each epoch.
• seed: An integer (optional). Seed used if shuffle == True.
• capacity: An integer. Sets the queue capacity.
• shared_name: (optional). If set, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: A name for the operations (optional).
Returns:

A queue with the output strings. A QueueRunner for the Queue is added to the current Graph's QUEUE_RUNNER collection.

Raises:
• ValueError: If the string_tensor is a null Python list. At runtime, will fail with an assertion if string_tensor becomes a null tensor.

Batching at the end of an input pipeline

These functions add a queue to the graph to assemble a batch of examples, with possible shuffling. They also add a QueueRunner for running the subgraph that fills that queue.

Use batch or batch_join for batching examples that have already been well shuffled. Use shuffle_batch or shuffle_batch_join for examples that would benefit from additional shuffling.

Use batch or shuffle_batch if you want a single thread producing examples to batch, or if you have a single subgraph producing examples but you want to run it in N threads (where you increase N until it can keep the queue full). Use batch_join or shuffle_batch_join if you have N different subgraphs producing examples to batch and you want them run by N threads.

tf.train.batch(tensors, batch_size, num_threads=1, capacity=32, enqueue_many=False, shapes=None, dynamic_pad=False, shared_name=None, name=None)

Creates batches of tensors in tensors.

The argument tensors can be a list or a dictionary of tensors. The value returned by the function will be of the same type as tensors.

This function is implemented using a queue. A QueueRunner for the queue is added to the current Graph's QUEUE_RUNNER collection.

If enqueue_many is False, tensors is assumed to represent a single example. An input tensor with shape [x, y, z] will be output as a tensor with shape [batch_size, x, y, z].

If enqueue_many is True, tensors is assumed to represent a batch of examples, where the first dimension is indexed by example, and all members of tensor_list should have the same size in the first dimension. If an input tensor has shape [*, x, y, z], the output will have shape [batch_size, x, y, z]. The capacity argument controls the how long the prefetching is allowed to grow the queues.

The returned operation is a dequeue operation and will throw tf.errors.OutOfRangeError if the input queue is exhausted. If this operation is feeding another input queue, its queue runner will catch this exception, however, if this operation is used in your main thread you are responsible for catching this yourself.

N.B.: If dynamic_pad is False, you must ensure that either (i) the shapes argument is passed, or (ii) all of the tensors in tensors must have fully-defined shapes. ValueError will be raised if neither of these conditions holds.

If dynamic_pad is True, it is sufficient that the rank of the tensors is known, but individual dimensions may have shape None. In this case, for each enqueue the dimensions with value None may have a variable length; upon dequeue, the output tensors will be padded on the right to the maximum shape of the tensors in the current minibatch. For numbers, this padding takes value 0. For strings, this padding is the empty string. See PaddingFIFOQueue for more info.

Args:
• tensors: The list or dictionary of tensors to enqueue.
• batch_size: The new batch size pulled from the queue.
• num_threads: The number of threads enqueuing tensor_list.
• capacity: An integer. The maximum number of elements in the queue.
• enqueue_many: Whether each tensor in tensor_list is a single example.
• shapes: (Optional) The shapes for each example. Defaults to the inferred shapes for tensor_list.
• dynamic_pad: Boolean. Allow variable dimensions in input shapes. The given dimensions are padded upon dequeue so that tensors within a batch have the same shapes.
• shared_name: (optional). If set, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: (Optional) A name for the operations.
Returns:

A list or dictionary of tensors with the same types as tensors.

Raises:
• ValueError: If the shapes are not specified, and cannot be inferred from the elements of tensors.

tf.train.batch_join(tensors_list, batch_size, capacity=32, enqueue_many=False, shapes=None, dynamic_pad=False, shared_name=None, name=None)

Runs a list of tensors to fill a queue to create batches of examples.

The tensors_list argument is a list of tuples of tensors, or a list of dictionaries of tensors. Each element in the list is treated similarily to the tensors argument of tf.train.batch().

Enqueues a different list of tensors in different threads. Implemented using a queue -- a QueueRunner for the queue is added to the current Graph's QUEUE_RUNNER collection.

len(tensors_list) threads will be started, with thread i enqueuing the tensors from tensors_list[i]. tensors_list[i1][j] must match tensors_list[i2][j] in type and shape, except in the first dimension if enqueue_many is true.

If enqueue_many is False, each tensors_list[i] is assumed to represent a single example. An input tensor x will be output as a tensor with shape [batch_size] + x.shape.

If enqueue_many is True, tensors_list[i] is assumed to represent a batch of examples, where the first dimension is indexed by example, and all members of tensors_list[i] should have the same size in the first dimension. The slices of any input tensor x are treated as examples, and the output tensors will have shape [batch_size] + x.shape[1:].

The capacity argument controls the how long the prefetching is allowed to grow the queues.

The returned operation is a dequeue operation and will throw tf.errors.OutOfRangeError if the input queue is exhausted. If this operation is feeding another input queue, its queue runner will catch this exception, however, if this operation is used in your main thread you are responsible for catching this yourself.

N.B.: If dynamic_pad is False, you must ensure that either (i) the shapes argument is passed, or (ii) all of the tensors in tensors_list must have fully-defined shapes. ValueError will be raised if neither of these conditions holds.

If dynamic_pad is True, it is sufficient that the rank of the tensors is known, but individual dimensions may have value None. In this case, for each enqueue the dimensions with value None may have a variable length; upon dequeue, the output tensors will be padded on the right to the maximum shape of the tensors in the current minibatch. For numbers, this padding takes value 0. For strings, this padding is the empty string. See PaddingFIFOQueue for more info.

Args:
• tensors_list: A list of tuples or dictionaries of tensors to enqueue.
• batch_size: An integer. The new batch size pulled from the queue.
• capacity: An integer. The maximum number of elements in the queue.
• enqueue_many: Whether each tensor in tensor_list_list is a single example.
• shapes: (Optional) The shapes for each example. Defaults to the inferred shapes for tensor_list_list[i].
• dynamic_pad: Boolean. Allow variable dimensions in input shapes. The given dimensions are padded upon dequeue so that tensors within a batch have the same shapes.
• shared_name: (Optional) If set, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: (Optional) A name for the operations.
Returns:

A list or dictionary of tensors with the same number and types as tensors_list[i].

Raises:
• ValueError: If the shapes are not specified, and cannot be inferred from the elements of tensor_list_list.

tf.train.shuffle_batch(tensors, batch_size, capacity, min_after_dequeue, num_threads=1, seed=None, enqueue_many=False, shapes=None, shared_name=None, name=None)

Creates batches by randomly shuffling tensors.

This function adds the following to the current Graph:

• A shuffling queue into which tensors from tensors are enqueued.
• A dequeue_many operation to create batches from the queue.
• A QueueRunner to QUEUE_RUNNER collection, to enqueue the tensors from tensors.

If enqueue_many is False, tensors is assumed to represent a single example. An input tensor with shape [x, y, z] will be output as a tensor with shape [batch_size, x, y, z].

If enqueue_many is True, tensors is assumed to represent a batch of examples, where the first dimension is indexed by example, and all members of tensors should have the same size in the first dimension. If an input tensor has shape [*, x, y, z], the output will have shape [batch_size, x, y, z].

The capacity argument controls the how long the prefetching is allowed to grow the queues.

The returned operation is a dequeue operation and will throw tf.errors.OutOfRangeError if the input queue is exhausted. If this operation is feeding another input queue, its queue runner will catch this exception, however, if this operation is used in your main thread you are responsible for catching this yourself.

For example:

# Creates batches of 32 images and 32 labels.
image_batch, label_batch = tf.train.shuffle_batch(
[single_image, single_label],
batch_size=32,
capacity=50000,
min_after_dequeue=10000)


N.B.: You must ensure that either (i) the shapes argument is passed, or (ii) all of the tensors in tensors must have fully-defined shapes. ValueError will be raised if neither of these conditions holds.

Args:
• tensors: The list or dictionary of tensors to enqueue.
• batch_size: The new batch size pulled from the queue.
• capacity: An integer. The maximum number of elements in the queue.
• min_after_dequeue: Minimum number elements in the queue after a dequeue, used to ensure a level of mixing of elements.
• num_threads: The number of threads enqueuing tensor_list.
• seed: Seed for the random shuffling within the queue.
• enqueue_many: Whether each tensor in tensor_list is a single example.
• shapes: (Optional) The shapes for each example. Defaults to the inferred shapes for tensor_list.
• shared_name: (Optional) If set, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: (Optional) A name for the operations.
Returns:

A list or dictionary of tensors with the types as tensors.

Raises:
• ValueError: If the shapes are not specified, and cannot be inferred from the elements of tensors.

tf.train.shuffle_batch_join(tensors_list, batch_size, capacity, min_after_dequeue, seed=None, enqueue_many=False, shapes=None, shared_name=None, name=None)

Create batches by randomly shuffling tensors.

The tensors_list argument is a list of tuples of tensors, or a list of dictionaries of tensors. Each element in the list is treated similarily to the tensors argument of tf.train.shuffle_batch().

This version enqueues a different list of tensors in different threads. It adds the following to the current Graph:

• A shuffling queue into which tensors from tensors_list are enqueued.
• A dequeue_many operation to create batches from the queue.
• A QueueRunner to QUEUE_RUNNER collection, to enqueue the tensors from tensors_list.

len(tensors_list) threads will be started, with thread i enqueuing the tensors from tensors_list[i]. tensors_list[i1][j] must match tensors_list[i2][j] in type and shape, except in the first dimension if enqueue_many is true.

If enqueue_many is False, each tensors_list[i] is assumed to represent a single example. An input tensor with shape [x, y, z] will be output as a tensor with shape [batch_size, x, y, z].

If enqueue_many is True, tensors_list[i] is assumed to represent a batch of examples, where the first dimension is indexed by example, and all members of tensors_list[i] should have the same size in the first dimension. If an input tensor has shape [*, x, y, z], the output will have shape [batch_size, x, y, z].

The capacity argument controls the how long the prefetching is allowed to grow the queues.

The returned operation is a dequeue operation and will throw tf.errors.OutOfRangeError if the input queue is exhausted. If this operation is feeding another input queue, its queue runner will catch this exception, however, if this operation is used in your main thread you are responsible for catching this yourself.

Args:
• tensors_list: A list of tuples or dictionaries of tensors to enqueue.
• batch_size: An integer. The new batch size pulled from the queue.
• capacity: An integer. The maximum number of elements in the queue.
• min_after_dequeue: Minimum number elements in the queue after a dequeue, used to ensure a level of mixing of elements.
• seed: Seed for the random shuffling within the queue.
• enqueue_many: Whether each tensor in tensor_list_list is a single example.
• shapes: (Optional) The shapes for each example. Defaults to the inferred shapes for tensors_list[i].
• shared_name: (optional). If set, this queue will be shared under the given name across multiple sessions.
• name: (Optional) A name for the operations.
Returns:

A list or dictionary of tensors with the same number and types as tensors_list[i].

Raises:
• ValueError: If the shapes are not specified, and cannot be inferred from the elements of tensors_list.